"Demonstrating how to make ports more energy efficient as well as demonstrating the use of electric mobility in ports and port areas."
OP Italy-Malta 2007-2013
"A sea of opportunities for the future."
Preventing climate change has become a strategic priority for the European Union. Europe is working hard to cut its greenhouse gas emissions substantially while encouraging other nations and regions to do likewise.
To prevent the most severe impacts of climate change, the international community has agreed that global warming should be kept below 2ºC compared to the temperature in pre-industrial times. That means a temperature increase of no more than 1.2°C above today's level.
To stay within this ceiling, scientific evidence shows that the world must stop the growth in global greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 at the latest, reducing them by at least half of 1990 levels by 2050 and continue cutting them thereafter.
For 2020, the EU has committed itself to cutting its emissions to 20% below 1990 levels. This commitment is one of the headline targets of the Europe 2020 growth strategy and is being implemented through a package of binding legislation.
These targets, known as the "20-20-20" targets, set three key objectives for 2020: 
  • A 20% reduction in EU greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 levels;
  • A 20% improvement in the EU's energy efficiency
  • Raising the share of EU energy consumption produced from renewable resources to 20%;
  • A 20% improvement in the EU's energy efficiency.
  • Specific EU initiatives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions include:
  • The European Climate Change Programme (ECCP), which has led to the implementation of new policies and measures that have framed the EU’s strategy to implement the Kyoto Protocol;
  • The EU Emissions Trading System, which has become the EU's key tool for reducing most cost-effectively greenhouse gas emissions from industry.  It focuses on emissions which can be measured, reported and verified with a high level of accuracy.  These include carbon dioxide (CO2) from power plants, a wide range of energy-intensive industry sectors and commercial airlines, Nitrous oxide emissions from the production of certain acids and emissions of perfluorocarbons from aluminium production;
  • Adopting legislation to raise the share of energy consumption produced by renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar and biomass, to 20% by 2020;
  • Setting a target to increase by 20%  Europe's energy efficiency  by 2020 by improving the energy efficiency of buildings a wide array of equipment and household appliances;
  • Binding targets to reduce CO2 emissions from new cars and vans;
  • Supporting the development of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies to trap and store CO2 emitted by power stations and other major industrial installations.
Renewable Energy Directive:
The Renewable Energy Directive 2009/28/EC, implemented by Member States in 2010, sets ambitious targets for all Member States, such that the EU will reach a 20% share of energy from renewable sources by 2020 and a 10% share of renewable energy specifically in the transport sector.  Under the Renewable Energy Directive, Member States have taken on binding national targets for raising the share of renewable energy in their energy consumption by 2020. These targets, which reflect Member States' different starting points and potential for increasing renewables’ production, range from 10% in Malta to 49% in Sweden.
The national targets will enable the EU as a whole to reach its 20% renewable energy target for 2020 - more than double the 2010 level of 9.8%.  The targets will also help to cut greenhouse gas emissions and reduce the EU’s dependence on imported energy.
Addressing the 20-20-20 Targets:
In order to help address the Renewable Energy Directive and the binding targets set at EU level, a consortium has been formed between the Ministry for Transport and Infrastructure, Transport Malta, the Port of Catania and the Province of Caltanissetta who have come together to successfully request funds from the OP Territorial Cooperation Programme - Italy-Malta 2007-2013 to implement the PORT-PVEV project.  The project centres on electromobility as the key that will help reduce the negative impact that road transport has on the environment. 
By focusing on ports and port areas, the project will help widen the uptake of electric vehicles and related infrastructure by demonstrating different ways how to use electromobility to reduce the reliability on fossil fuels in port operations.
Objectives of the PORT-PVEV Project:
The main objective of the PORT-PVEV project is to contribute towards the decoupling of economic growth from non-renewable sources of energy.  This will be done in two ways.
Photovoltaic panels installed at port-administration buildings will help in the reduction of port operations’ dependability on fossil fuels by generating energy locally and feeding it into the national grid.  The project will study ways how to use this solar energy to power electric vehicles used within port areas.  To this effect, a total of 37 full electric vehicles, including passenger cars, light goods vans, crew vans, quadricycles and motorcycles, will be bought and used in port operations.  Moreover, a span of 1,460.76 m2 of roof will be covered by PV panels that are estimated to generate 296,000 kWh per annum.
Charging infrastructure required to power these vehicles will also be purchased and installed within the Partners’ port areas including solar charging stations which will be used to test whether completely carbon neutral road transport can be achieved.  The Solar Charging Stations will be tent-like structures, covered by PV panels and connected directly to charging points.  An electric vehicle will be able to park under the structure, connect to the charging point and charge its battery directly from the electricity generated by solar power. This will create fully carbon neutral transportation.
It is not only the different methods of charging electric cars that will be tested but also the full electric vehicles themselves.
The wide array of vehicles that will be bought as part of this project will be used to test different types of cars in different scenarios.  Tourists visiting the port area of Catania will be able to make use of electric bikes to travel around the city; port officials working in and around the Gela port area will be making use of electric battery powered crew vans; administration officers in the Valletta Grand Harbour will be making use of full electric quadricycles and passenger cars for their work-related travel needs.  All these different types of vehicles will be put on demonstration as part of the pilot project; the feasibility of the cars tested and their efficiency promoted in view of the wider uptake of green modes of transport.
As a second stage to this project, Green Local Plans for ports and port areas will be compiled suggesting future policies for implementation of green energy actions to further decarbonise port areas in each of the partner ports.  The suggested actions will serve as a continuation to the results achieved in this project.
The project will not only stop at road transport, however.  It will also study the feasibility of grid-connected infrastructure to power berthed vessels using electricity instead of the high-polluting heavy fuel oil.  This will not only improve air quality within the port areas but also vastly reducing noise generated by ship engines.
Activities in Malta:
Maltese Beneficiaries
Transport Malta
  • Fully Electric Battery Powered  Vehicles: 2 light goods vans, 4 crew vans, 2 passenger cars, 3 quadricycles
  • Photovoltaic Plant at Malta Transport Centre
Ministry for Transport and Infrastructure
  • Solar Charging stations: 1 four-car station at Ċirkewwa, 1 four-car station at Deep Water Quay, 3 one-car stations at Ta’ Xbiex Marina
Activities in Sicily:
Italian Beneficiaries
Port Authority of Catania
  • Fully Electric Battery Powered Vehicles: 20 electric bikes, 1 passenger car
  • Facilities to store and charge the electric bikes
  • Solar Charging Station: 1 four-car station in Catania harbour area

 Province of Caltanissetta

  • Full electric battery powered vehicles: 3 crew vans, 2 passenger cars
  • Charging points: 3 charging points
Short facts:
  • Start date: September 2012
  • End date: December 2014
  • Total cost: € 2,500,000
  • EU co-financing: € 2,125,000
For more information:
Project website:          www.portpvev.eu